Imagine that you have a roomate who is a slob and you would like to change this behavior. From your knowledge of conditioning principles, explain how you would attempt to change this behavior.
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Let’s say that your roommate is freaked out by ants. One day you buy ants and put them on your roommates food and clothes that are laying all over the floor. Now of course you do this right before she walks in so that she sees them. When your friend sees the ants she freaks out and wants all the ants gone. First thing she does is throw any trash out from the floor , pick her clothes up and put them in the hamper, and maybe even sweep the floor. She then continues this behavior because she does not want ants in her room ever again.
So looking at this scenario the unconditioned stimulus would be ants, the unconditioned response would be fear/panic, the conditioned stimulus would be ants on her belongings on the floor, and the conditioned response is fear of ants in her room. This is describing classical conditioning.
I believe that this is a case of operant conditioning and this behavior will need to be shaped. Since my roommate isn’t producing the desired response on his/her own, he/she would need to be treated similarly to how Skinner did with his rats. In operant conditioning, an organism operates on its environment to produce a change. In other words, the organism’s behavior is instrumental in producing a change in the environment. The type of change that is produced is a critical element of this type of learning. If he/she does something that I don’t like, like leaving dirty clothes in the middle of the floor, I could throw his/her belongings in the trash. After a few days he/she will most likely notice his/her things are disappearing and then in turn, learn to pick up after him/her. In order for me to get my sloppy roommate to clean, I could reinforce the behavior of cleaning through both primary (food or drink) and secondary (praise or money) reinforcers. For example, whenever my roommate does anything to help clean the apartment, I could praise him/her by saying something similar to this: Good job, the apartment really looks great!” Then gradually, maybe my roommate would start helping on a more regular basis.
I believe the best way to deal with behaviors such as complete disrespect and disregard for someone else is by operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is best described by responding to an environment with punishments or rewards. Since this is someone who is similar to my age, I believe that rewarding someone my age for “good behavior” would not be the best way to approach the situation. Initially, I would hope my roommate is mature enough to understand that since my items are neat and in order that I would like her to do the same. If she cannot understand this subtly then I would treat her with the same disrespect such as punishments. If my roommate was a slob in regards to all of her items being unorganized and all over the room, I would place everything that is out of order on top of her bed. This way when she is ready to go to bed, she would then have to remove all of the items off of her bed and back onto the floor. If she does not understand why I did this, like to a child, I would explain why this “punishment” was put in place. Hopefully, my roommate will then be conditioned to think before she throws her clothes on the floor because she will just have to move this item of clothing off of her bed when she is tired and ready for bed. If this does not work I would start to “throw” her things away. Since it is not realistic to throw another belongings out, I would just hide all of her things that are out of place. Once she is looking for the belongings I would explain that hopefully she could put them in a place that is neat, as well as convenience, for her to find next time. In both instances the “punishment” is have a high inconvenience.
If I had a sloppy roomate I would make them become less sloppy by using classical conditioning. I would not let them use any of my stuff like my food, hair stuff, clothes, etc. I would tell them that if they can`t respect their own stuff I ca not let them use mine because I do not want my stuff to be mistreated and thrown around the room and become lost. By me telling them this they will start cleaning up their stuff and respecting it and to reward them I will let them use my things. The unconditioned stimulus would be the punishment of not getting to use my things. The unconditioned and conditioned response would be that my roomate starts cleaning and respecteing her things. The conditioned stimulous would be the reward of getting to use my things after she cleans up her things. Hopefully after doing all of this and explaining to my roomate that she needs to be orderly she will start cleaning up her messes.
I cannot really imagine having a roommate that is a slob; however, if I did I would try to condition her to change. I would first confront the roommate about her awful characteristic of being a slob. Then I would explain that if she starts picking up after herself then she would receive a reward, such as taking her to the movies. But the reward would gradually begin with praises and then after a week of a clean room I would buy her a box of her favorite candy. The only catch is she would not know when she would be receiving a reward. Then after four weeks of being clean, I would ask her to pick any movie she wanted to see and take her to see the movie with all expenses paid (going to the movies is her favorite hobby). I believe this kind of conditioning would work because it would make her want to do it because there is a reward. It is like gambling, you participate and you will win but you just do not know when, so you keep playing.
If I had a roommate that was a slob, the conditioning technique that I would use would be operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences. One important concept in operant conditioning is reinforcement, this occurs when an event following a response increases an organism’s tendency to make that response. In this case with the sloppy roommate, if I told my roommate to clean up their space in the room then I would reward them with something. For example, buying them dinner or taking them out to their favorite place. However, I would do it gradually with little things first. In operant conditioning this would be called shaping which is the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations of a desired response. Each time a certain area was clean I would give them a reward of some sort; however if the task is not completed they would not receive anything. I would gradually do this until they would finally clean up all their things and they would receive a bigger reward. For example, buying them dinner or going out to their favorite place. This conditioning would work the best because a reward would be given for each complete task, and hopefully seeing the room clean will make them learn not to be slobs.
I would use operant conditioning to be able get my roommate to behave in the way that i would want her to. Let's say she leaves her dirty dishes all over the room. If she didn't have them cleaned up by the end of the week i would sneak dirty food under her pillow. If she did clean the dishes by the end of the week i would reward her by taking her out to dinner or to play lazer tag, or something she likes to do. Slowly i'd start punishing and rewarding her less, and she would just get into the habit of cleaning the dishes in a manageable time period. Another example would be if she played her music too loud while i'm trying to study. I would punish her if she played it too loud, by waiting for her to fall asleep and then blast my music. As a reward for not playing her music all that loudly while i'm studying, i would not blast my music loudly as she's trying to sleep. I believe that my roommate would learn quickly to change her music habits.
If I had a roommate that was a slob and I wanted to change their behavior, I would use the method that Edward Thorndike used when he trained the dogs to come for food when he rang the bell and got the dogs to salivate every time they heard the bell. First off I would get my roommate to pick up after herself without even knowing by asking her,”Hey, could you pick those clothes off the floor so I can walk around here.” So she would pick up the clothes and I would praise her, or maybe even cook for her that day. I would gradually get her to pick up and clean up after herself because every time she would clean up Ill make her food or take her out to eat. She would soon see this pattern and she would understand, okay this is what I would have to do in order to continue having food cooked for me or being taken out to eat. Eventually my friend will know that she has to clean up after herself and this method would be that she learned this but didn’t know that she was learning.
If I lived on campus and my roommate was a slob, I would use operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences. For example, if my roommate left his clothes all over the floor, I would arrange them on his side of the room so that he would have to put some away just so he could get to his bed. Let’s say that my roommate also struggles with his math homework, each time he put his clothes away I would help him with it. The first time he puts away some of his clothes, I would help him do some of the math and make an excuse that I would have do something else. As he put more of his clothes away I would help him do more of his math homework. Another example would be if my roommate left food all over the floor. I would pick the food up and put it all over his bed and pillow. Therefore he would have to clean it just to sleep. The more he cleaned the food up, the more often I would buy him something to eat in the school cafeteria.
If I had a sloppy roommate, I would attempt to try and get them to change their behavior by utilizing operant conditioning techniques. In order for them to realize their unkempt behaviors are displeasing to me I would make it painfully obvious. If they left their clothes all over the place and never cleaned their dishes I would simply leave whatever they messed up either on their bed or find some other way to make them realize I’m not going to clean up after their mess, but they can’t get away from it either. Then after they come to this realization if they start to finally clean up after themselves, even if it’s only a little bit, I would then begin to reward them little by little. I would tell them that the room really looks so much better. I would take them out to the mall or wherever they wanted to go. If they ever reverted back to their sloppy behavior the rewards would cease and I would go back to throwing their belongings on their bed.
If I lived on campus and had a roommate that was a slob there would be serious issues. First I would definitely talk with my roommate to try and clarify things and come to a certain agreement. However, if my roommate did not change her habits I would try the mechanism of operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences. I would put a small amount of itching powder on my roommate’s dirty clothes on the floor to see her reaction. Of course I do not want to harm my roommate and that is why I would only use small amounts so that she would get the message of not leaving dirty clothing on the floor. The more times I would see her dirty clothes the smaller increase of itching powder I would use. This mechanism will continue until all clothing are off the floor. As the amount of dirty clothes decrease I would treat my roommate to the movies or go out somewhere to get away from books and enjoy college years. Clearly I would try to teach my roommate the importance of order and not harm her purposely. In this mechanism the stimulus would be itching powder, the unconditioned response would be reaction to the itching powder, the conditioned stimulus would be the itching powder on her clothing on the floor, and the conditioned response is the itch of the powder on her body. This is describing classical conditioning
Learning is the process by which experience results in change of behavior. Even as a child we knew, when we would do something wrong we would get a negative response from it. The technique I would use for my slob roommate is operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is the process of learning in which behaviors are emitted to earn rewards, or avoid punishments (Morris, Maisto, & Dunn, 2007). This will be a good technique for him because if he is rewarded for keeping his room clean then he would be more likely to increase that behavior. How this works is that when he cleans his room, he gets rewarded. This would be the reinforcement. Reinforcement in operant conditioning is “a stimulus that follows a behavior and increases the likelihood that the behavior would increase (Morris, Maisto, & Dunn, 2007).” If he doesn’t keep his room clean then he should receive punishment. A punishment is a “stimulus that follows a behavior and decreases the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated (Morris, Maisto, & Dunn, 2007). I think operant conditioning is an effective method, but in order for it to be effective it must be imposed properly. Morris, C, Maisto, A, & Dunn, W. (2007). Psychology: concepts and applications. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall
If my roommate was a slob, and left their dirty clothes all over the floor of our apartment, I would train them to start cleaning through classical conditioning. At one o’clock every day, I would play a song, and while it is playing I would get them to pick up clothes off the floor and place them in their hamper. As a reward, I would give them their favorite candy or snack. This conditioning would be repeated at one o’clock for several days. Eventually, when my roommate saw the time, she would start to pick up her clothes without the help of the music. The unconditioned stimulus would be the dirty clothes. The conditioned stimulus would be the music. And the unconditioned/ conditioned response is cleaning. Through the use of classical conditioning, my roommate would learn to clean and stop being a slob.
If i lived on campus and had a sloppy roommate, I would start trying to change their behavior by using operant conditioning skills. If they had their clothes thrown all over the floor, I would purposely leave them there or put them on her bed. If they left food lying around I would simply leave it there if it wasn't bothering me or make sure she's looking in my direction when I throw my own trash out. I would clean my side of the room well so that she notices a different from her side of the room. If she leaves dishes out with food on them, I would tell her we might get bugs from that. If I ever notice she cleaned something up or make her bed, I would give her a compliment and say the room looks great and maybe go out somewhere that night to go shopping. Hopefully that will eventually change her sloppy habits.
Having a roommate who is a slob is never good idea. Imagine having company over and they saw the way the room was kept and how unorganized it was. With it being so unorganized and dirty people less likely to come over again. In order to change the behavior of someone like this, it takes patients and a series of steps. One of the few ways one can change someone’s behavior is by Operant Conditioning. What Operant Conditioning allows you to do is, it allows a person to change ones behavior through positive or negative reinforcement. For example, one can use positive reinforcement by telling the roommate to clean up his or her mess and if he or she is successful they can be rewarded with money or maybe a treat. Another way is through negative reinforcement. For example, if the roommate fails to clean up his or her mess then one can take away his or her cell phone or computer. These are two ways one can change another person’s behavior through Operant Conditioning.
Having a roommate who is a slob is never good idea. Imagine having company over and they saw the way the room was kept and how unorganized it was. With it being so unorganized and dirty people less likely to come over again. In order to change the behavior of someone like this, it takes patients and a series of steps. One of the few ways one can change someone’s behavior is by operant conditioning. What operant conditioning allows you to do is, it allows a person to change ones behavior through positive or negative reinforcement. For example, one can use positive reinforcement by telling the roommate to clean up his or her mess and if he or she is successful they can be rewarded with money or maybe a treat. Another way is through negative reinforcement. For example, if the roommate fails to clean up his or her mess then one can take away his or her cell phone or computer. These are two ways one can change another person’s behavior through operant conditioning.
If my roommate was a slob, of course I would want to change this behavior. Changing my roommate’s behavior would be possible with the use of conditioning. Conditioning includes learning connections that occur within an organism’s environment. In this case, I would attempt to use a type of operant conditioning. This means that it is a type conditioning which “is a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences” (Weiten 2011). So, if my roommate truly was a slob, and for instance, left their dirty dishes all over, I would leave the dishes there. If I notice no change in their behavior, I would begin to place their dirty dishes in spots which they use, like on top of their computer, desk, or bed. If I noticed that they finally began to put their dishes in the sink, or the dishwasher, I would thank them each time they did it. On top of thanking them, I would reinforce the good behavior by offering to cook them a meal, or by ordering their favorite take-out if they agreed to put their dishes away. I would simply continue to keep up this routine until eventually, and hopefully, the roommate would learn on their own to put away their dishes, without constant reinforcement from me.
Weiten, W. (2011). Psychology: Themes and Variations, Briefer Version, Eighth Edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth
If I had a roommate who was a slob, I would use operant conditioning to change their behavior. Operant conditioning is a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences. I believe that if I make a negative consequence, and a favorable consequence (reinforcement) strong enough to balance the negative consequence, my conditioning will be successful in making my roommate not a slob.
My roommate’s voluntary response to bringing his or her belongings to our living area is to place them wherever it is most convenient, which is, the floor. Every time I see a piece of my roommates clothing on the floor, or book on the floor, I will hide it. The consequence is me hiding their belongings. Every time I see my roommate put something in its proper place, for example their clothes on a hanger or book on a shelf, I will return one of their belongings. The reinforcement, or favorable consequence, is the return of one of their belongings back to them. The more they put on the floor, the more I will hide. The more they put things away in their proper spot, the more they will get back. This operant conditioning should work because the majority of people will want their belongings back. With that being said, my roommate should see the favorable consequence to be better than having his or her belongings hidden, and stop being a slob.
If I had a roommate that was a slob and I wanted to change their behavior, I would use B.F. Skinner’s process of operant conditioning to change their messy ways. Using this method, the roommates behavior will change because voluntary responses will be controlled by their consequences. I would start off by giving the person a small reward when an act of neatness occurred. For instance, if the roommate were to make his bed, I would give him a dollar. The next time he would do this however, he would not get a dollar for just making his bed, he would have to take it a step further by cleaning up his shoes and clothes from the floor. Then he would be rewarded. With each act, a little more effort would be required in order to receive a reward. eventually, it would become his nature to tidy up his stuff and part of the room. If he completed all tasks in order to be neat, he would receive a reward. Eventually, the behavior would become automatic and not require a reward at the end.
If i had a roommate who was a slob, I would do several things to change their behavior and change them into a cleaner person. Using B.F. Skinner's principle of operant conditioning, as in his Skinner box, I would reward my roommate when he/she cleaned and I would punish them when they did not. When my roomate failed to clean after himself/herself, I would remove an item or two of theirs from the floor and put it in trashbag. When my roommate finally realized it was collected in the trashbag, he/she would know to pick them up next time so that they did not end up in the trashbag, with their other belongings left around that may damage their clothing, such as certain creams and sprays. If taking away the things that were left around did not work, i would begin to take things that my roommate found more essential and hide it. When my roommate decided to keep tidy and neat, i would treat him/her to lunch as a reward, and if I had to resort to hiding their belongings, i would return them, one at a time, as my roommate returned things to their proper place after use.
If my roommate is a slob, personally it will be very hard for me to adjust living with that person. But before I change my room or complain, I always give another chance to make changes in their life. In psychology, Ivan Pavlov recognized a new conditioning known as operant conditioning where humans and animals make great responses controlled by their consequences. B.F.Skinner was greatly admired by Pavlov’s work. So he developed a fundamental principle for operant conditioning which is summarized as “organisms tend to repeat responses that are followed by favorable consequences.” He called this favorable consequence Reinforcement. If the individual does not own or emit desired response, shaping is necessary in their life. Shaping is needed in the case of my slob roommate. Advising probably isn’t the best solution to change her character because a good understanding is very important for a person to listen to some other person’s advice. So I probably will do a simple experiment so that she learn the value of small things, I put a box on her study table and ask her to put all coins that she can find into it and collect it until the box gets full. And if she has done it as I asked her we will together count the coins in the box and exchange in bank so she gets a good amount of money. From this simple experiment she can later repeat the same experiment and get more money which is reinforcement. And also it changes her thinking in another way which is by putting everything in the right place there is a benefit or reinforcement that is hidden behind. And also my room is free from coins.
Considering I have 3 roommates I can relate well to this question. You see I have a huge issue when it comes to leaving dirty dishes in the sink. If one of my roommates were to do this (in which all three do) I would remove the dirty dish and place it in the drying rack. By doing this my roommate will have to indeed wash the dish! This is using B.F. Skinner’s process of operant conditioning to change my roommate bad habit.
I would start this process by giving my roommate a reward when she would wash the dishes. For example, if my roommate was to eat a bowl of cereal and then wash the bowl, I would give her quarter and no tell her why. The next time around she would not get a quarter. This process would repeat until my roommate starts doing all of her own dishes after using them! In the end the behavior would become second nature and the reward of the quarter would no longer be needed.
If I had a messy roommate I would use a reinforcement technique. A reinforcement technique uses either positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement. Positive reinforcement is a response followed by a rewarding stimulus. An example of this would be if you get a good grade on a test your parents could reward you by giving you something you wanted. Negative reinforcement is a response followed by the removal of an aversive stimulus. An example of this would be if I got a bad grade on my test my parents could take away my cell phone.
Positive and Negative reinforcement sound like they are opposites; in some ways they are like one has a rewarding stimulus and the other takes one away. On the other hand, they both have an outcome of a behavior increase so they are considered to be increasing a response.
Knowing all of this, if I had a messy roommate I would give her something she really wanted when she cleaned her room. Something small at first would be good such as cooking her dinner. After a week I could buy her something small she really wanted and after a month I could take her to see a movie she really wants to see. After a while she would get used to keeping her room clean and it would be second nature to her.
If I lived with a roommate who was a slob and left our dorm a mess, I would use the process of operant conditioning to correct their inconvenient behavior. Operant conditioning is a form of learning in which voluntary responses are controlled by the consequences that follow. To keep my roommate from leaving laundry on the floor or not washing their dirty dishes, I would first confront him/her about the issue. If the behavior continued or progressed, I would then tell them that if they stopped being a slob, I would take them to eat at their favorite restaurant or let them borrow a shirt of mine that they really liked. On the other hand, if they kept their sloppy behavior up, I would let them know that my possessions are off limits, that I would not help them with homework or studying and that I would not help them money wise. The way this process works is that if he/she keeps the room clean and puts forth an effort to clean, then he/she will get rewarded. If he/she does the opposite and continues to be a slob, he/she gets a negative consequence. Soon, my roommate would get into a routine of keeping the room clean and his/her sloppy habits will have disappeared.
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